Mass Incarceration

Mass Incarceration and Racism in America

Arlisa Robinson, Yousef Mohamed, Nicholas Abuzahrah, Lily Nguyen

On June 7th, Netflix released a documentary entitled 13th. The documentary explored mass incarceration and racism in America. It shed light on the 13th Amendment and how the end of slavery wasn’t really the end of slavery, it had only evolved and became what is now our prison system. This documentary sparked interest in many and some even said it was “a call to action”. Many claimed that the prison system is a vortex and ties into the racial injustice and inequality that has now consumed our nation.

For years many of our elected officials blamed the growing number of prisoners on the war on drugs. Many say that it is in these urban areas that we have the largest drug problem. This is not the case though. There are several other reasons that should be looked at more closely. For example, excessive punishment and long sentences add to these numbers. Psychological and statistical studies show that race plays a role in sentencing. Also, life after prison is a problem and many people who get out end up going right back.

This topic is important because it is a prominent subject in today’s society. So many people and communities are affected by it. We have assignments for participants to complete which will help them express what they know and discover about mass incarceration and racism and if they feel it is important enough to be discussed. Students will give summaries of each week topics and what they have learned and they will watch a documentary and state how their views changed after they watched it.

This course, designed by Arlisa Robinson, Yousef Mohamed, Nicholas Abuzahrah, and Lily Nguyen is to teach people about this growing problem we have here in America. Sadly this problem has always been around but it is not until now that people have realized it. Mass incarceration and racism affects everyone whether they know it or not. This course explores the judicial system and law enforcement mentality and tactics. It also looks at what racism really is and how modern day slavery is really a thing. Not just referring to the literal term of slavery like human trafficking and things of that sort but how the enslavement of African Americans in the 1800’s has evolved over time and now affects all minorities.

tumblr_my75edmrpm1suxeeyo1_1280


Week 1: What is Racism?

Racism weakens and separates us

Primary

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/bill-quigley/40-reasons-why-our-jails-are-full-of-black-and-poor-people_b_7492902.html ( Bill Quigly)

Quigley, Bill. “40 Reasons Why Our Jails Are Full of Black and Poor People.” The Huffington Post. N.p., 06 June 2015. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

Secondary

http://www.prisonpolicy.org/graphs/raceinc.html ( Peter Wagner)

Wagner, Peter. “Help Fuel the Movement.” Prison Policy Initiative. N.p., 2012. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/07/18/chart-of-the-week-the-black-white-gap-in-incarceration-rates/ ( George Gao)

Gao, George. “Chart of the Week: The Black-white Gap in Incarceration Rates.” Facttank: News in the Numbers. Pew Research Center, 18 July 2014. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyt.2012.00098/full

(Venkata K. Mukku, Timothy G. Benson, Farzana Alam, William D. Richie, and Rahn K. Bailey)

Mukku, Venkata K., Timothy G. Benson, Farzana Alam, William D. Richie, and Rahn K. Bailey. “Overview of Substance Use Disorders and Incarceration of African American Males.” Frontiers in Psychiatry. N.p., 12 Nov. 2012. Web. 09 Nov. 2016.


Week 2: Law Enforcement

Why do we fear those who are here to protect?

Primary

http://www.peaceofficerfilm.com/

Augenstein, Seth. “Under Siege S.F. Law Enforcement: ‘Rooting Out Bias and Racism’.” D F I News (2015)ProQuest. Web. 6 Nov. 2016.

Secondary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4pQg_80u3s

Why Is the U.S. Prison Population So Large? Why Is the U.S. Prison Population So Large? Learn Liberty, 08 Jan. 2013. Web. 08 Nov. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4pQg_80u3s&gt;.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZRwbVLFjIeE

Brock Turner Gets 3 Months in Jail | Man Gets 21 Years for Weed. Brock Turner Gets 3 Months in Jail | Man Gets 21 Years for Weed. BuyLegalMeds.com, 05 Sept. 2016. Web. 08 Nov. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZRwbVLFjIeE&gt;.

http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2013/11/23-petty-crimes-prison-life-without-parole

(John Harkinson)

Harkinson, Josh. “23 Petty Crimes That Have Landed People in Prison for Life Without Parole.” MotherJones. N.p., 13 Nov. 2013. Web. 7 Nov. 2016.


Week 3: What is Mass Incarceration

The masses behind bars is a problem to all

Primary

https://www.netflix.com/title/80091741

13th. Dir. Ava Duvernay. Netflix/13th. N.p., 07 Oct. 2016. Web. 08 Nov. 2016. <https://www.netflix.com/title/80091741&gt;.

www.jstor.org/stable/40375840

Western, Bruce, and Christopher Wildeman. “The Black Family and Mass Incarceration.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 621, 2009, pp. 221–242.\

Secondary

https://thesocietypages.org/toolbox/mass-incarceration/ ( Todd Beer)

Beer, Todd. “MASS INCARCERATION: DATA, TRENDS, AND COMPARISON.” Sociologytoolbox. The Society Pages, 17 June 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2016.

https://medium.com/@dan_nott/what-is-mass-incarceration-ff737196580#.1awhy5vwo

(Daniel Nott)

Nott, Daniel. “What Is Mass Incarceration?” A Medium Corporation. N.p., 25 May 2016. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/people-places/why-mass-incarceration-defines-us-as-a-society-135793245/?no-ist ( Chris Hodges)

Hedges, Chris. “Why Mass Incarceration Defines Us As a Society.” Smithsonian.com. N.p., Dec. 2012. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

https://news.vice.com/article/the-mass-incarceration-problem-in-america ( Grace Wyler)

Wyler, Grace. “The Mass Incarceration Problem in America.” N.p., 26 July 2014. Web. 07 Nov. 2016


Week 4: Modern-Day slavery

The evolution of horror

Primary

http://thecnnfreedomproject.blogs.cnn.com/2011/03/04/modern-day-slavery-a-problem-that-cant-be-ignored ( Tony Maddox)

Jackson,Jesse L.,,Sr. “Race and Racism in America.” National Forum 80.2 (2000):9-11.

ProQuest. Web. 6 Nov. 2016.

Secondary

http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-prison-industry-in-the-united-states-big-business-or-a-new-form-of-slavery/8289 ( Vicky Pelaez)

Pelaez, Vicky. “The Prison Industry in the United States: Big Business or a New Form of Slavery?” Global Research: Centre for Research on Globalization. N.p., 10 Mar. 2008. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

https://refinedright.com/feature/modern-day-slavery-americas-prisons/

(John- Pierre Maeli)Maeli, JOHN Pierre. “Modern Day Slavery In America’s Prisons.” Refined Right. N.p., 26 Oct. 2016. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.


Week 5: Mass Incarceration in America vs. The world

The U.S. has more people incarcerated than any other place in the world

Primary

Thomas, Joy M. “MASS INCARCERATION OF MINORITY MALES: A CRITICAL LOOK AT ITS HISTORICAL ROOTS AND HOW EDUCATIONAL POLICIES ENCOURAGE ITS EXISTENCE.” Race, Gender & Class 20.1 (2013): 177-90. ProQuest. Web. 6 Nov. 2016.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/fact-checker/wp/2015/07/07/yes-u-s-locks-people-up-at-a-higher-rate-than-any-othe

r-country/ ( Michelle Ye Hee Lee)

Lee, Michelle Ye Hee. “Yes, U.S. Locks People up at a Higher Rate than Any Other Country.” The Washington Post. N.p., 07 July 2015. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Secondary

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/23/world/americas/23iht-23prison.12253738.html

( Adam Liptak)

Liptak, Adam. “U.S. Prison Population Dwarfs That of Other Nations.” The New York Times. N.p., 23 Apr. 2008. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

http://www.vice.com/read/america-incarcerated-0000765-v22n10 ( John Surico)

Surico, John. “How America Became the Most Imprisoned Nation in the World.” Vice. N.p., 02 Oct. 2015. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

http://www.drugpolicy.org/resource/drug-war-mass-incarceration-and-race

“The Drug War, Mass Incarceration and Race (English/Spanish).” Drug Policy. N.p., 10 Feb. 2016. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.


Week 6: History of Prison

Were prisons always the same?

Primary

http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2007/04/12/the-american-prison-nightmare/

(Jason DeParle)

DeParle, Jason. “The American Prison Nightmare.” The New York Review of Books. N.p., 12 Apr. 2007. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Secondary

https://soapboxie.com/government/Breathing-Through-Bars-A-Brief-HIstory-on-the-Prison-System-in-America ( Anna Karpinski)

Karpinski, Anna. “Breathing Through Bars: A Brief HIstory on the Prison System in America.” Soapboxie. N.p., 13 June 2014. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

http://www.crimemuseum.org/crime-library/history-of-imprisonment/

“History Of Imprisonment.” Crime Museum. N.p., 2016. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FKiQi90U2AU

Prison History. Dir. Desoriente0. Prison Hisotry. N.p., 24 July 2013. Web. 08 Nov. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FKiQi90U2AU&gt;.


Week 7: Logistics of Prisons

Taking a deeper look into how prisons operate.

Primary

http://people.howstuffworks.com/prison.htm (Ed Grabianowski)

Grabianowski, Ed. “How Prisons Work.” How Stuff Works: Culture. N.p., 2016. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Secondary

http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/warfare-and-logistics/pow-camps/prison-camps.html ( Gary Flavion)

Flavion, Gary. “Civil War Prison Camps.” Saving America’s Civil War Battlefields: Civil War Trust. N.p., 2014. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

http://cleminfostrategies.com/whats-the-difference-between-prison-and-jail/

“Whats the Difference between Prison and Jail?” Clem Information Strategies. N.p., 2016. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

http://www.mintpressnews.com/map-shows-just-many-prisoners-us-state/200437/

( Simran Khosla)

Khosla, Simran. “This Map Shows You Just How Many Prisoners Are In Each US State.” Mintpress: News. N.p., 5 Jan. 2015. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.


Week 8: Reasons why people go to prison

Drugs, violent crimes, or race?

Primary

http://www.attn.com/stories/1382/fixing-americas-mass-incarceration-problem

(Thor Benson)

Benson, Thor. “The 4 Biggest Reasons So Many Americans Are Behind Bars.” Attn:. N.p., 10 Apr. 2015. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Secondary

https://theintercept.com/2016/09/16/the-largest-prison-strike-in-u-s-history-enters-its-second-week/ ( Alice Speri)

Speri, Alice. “THE LARGEST PRISON STRIKE IN U.S. HISTORY ENTERS ITS SECOND WEEK.” The Intercept. N.p., 16 Sept. 2016. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/13/life-without-parole_n_4256789.html

(Saki Knafo and Ryan J. Reilly)

Knafo, Saki, and Ryan J. Reilly. “These 32 People Are Spending Their Lives In Prison For Nonviolent Crimes.” The Huffington Post. N.p., 13 Nov. 2013. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-ridiculous-reasons-that-people-were-thrown-in-jail.php

( Mike Floorwalker)

Floorwalker, Mike. “Top 10 Ridiculous Reasons That People Were Thrown In Jail.” TopTenz. N.p., 02 Apr. 2013. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.


Week 9: Life after prison

Life after prison is rough, often leads to recidivism.

Primary

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyt.2012.00098/full

Schnittker, Jason, Michael Massoglia, and Christopher Uggen. “Out and Down: Incarceration and Psychiatric Disorders.” Journal of health and social behavior 53.4 (2012): 448-64. ProQuest. Web. 6 Nov. 2016.

Secondary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NaPBcUUqb

Mass Incarceration in the US. Dir. Vlogbrothers. Mass Incarceration in the US. N.p., 04 Apr. 2014. Web. 08 Nov. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NaPBcUUqbew&gt;.

http://releasedandrestored.org/after-prison-then-what/

After Prison, Then What?” Released and Restored. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

http://www.dc.state.fl.us/pub/recidivism/2014/primaryoffense.html

Jones, Julie L. “Recidivism Rates and Primary Offenses for Inmates Released 2010.” Florida Department of Corrections. N.p., June 2015. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.


Week 10: Solutions

We should look at how we’re handling things.

Primary

Jacobson, Michael. Downsizing Prisons : How to Reduce Crime and End Mass Incarceration (1). New York, US: NYU Press, 2005. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 6 November 2016.

http://www.uua.org/multiculturalism/ga/new-jim-crow (General Assembly)

General Assembly. “THE NEW JIM CROW: MASS INCARCERATION AND INSTITUTIONAL RACISM.” Unitarian Universalist Association. N.p., 2012. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Secondary

http://www.pennlive.com/opinion/2015/07/were_sending_the_wrong_people.html

(Bob Quarteroni)

Quarteroni, Bob. “We’re Sending the Wrong People to Jail for the Wrong Reasons: Bob Quarteroni.” Penn Live. N.p., 19 July 2015. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

https://www.aclu.org/other/solutions

“Solutions.” ACLU: American Civil Liberties Union. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2016

http://nypost.com/2015/11/01/how-to-fix-americas-mass-incarceration-problem/

(Brad Parks)

Parks, Brad. “How to Fix America’s Mass Incarceration Problem.” New York Post. N.p., 1 Nov. 2015. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.


Project 2: Collaborative Syllabus

Fall 2016 – COMP-106-005-Writing & Rhetoric II

Lily Nguyen, Nicholas Abu-Zahrah, Arlisa Robinson, Yousef Mohammad

Assignment #1

Name___________________________Date______________________________

1. Pick one of the weeks,  explain its importance, and why this matter should be focused on.

 

2. Pick one of the weeks that you haven’t picked from above. Explain its importance and why this matter should be focused on.

 

3. Pick one of the weeks that you haven’t picked from above. Explain its importance and why this matter should be focused on.

 

4. Pick one of the weeks that you haven’t picked from above. Explain its importance and why this matter should be focused on.

 

5. Pick one of the weeks that you haven’t picked from above. Explain its importance and why this matter should be focused on.

 

6.Pick one of the weeks that you haven’t picked from above. Explain its importance and why this matter should be focused on.

The purpose of assignment #1 is to see what they’ve learned from 6 out of the 10 weeks. It makes them explain the purpose of the weeks they’ve chosen and also connect it to the purpose of the syllabus (how the two connects). Hopefully, they’ll understand the point of the weeks, and are able to see and connect it to the problem of mass incarceration. This is in worksheet form (numbered from 1-6) because again, it’s to show what they’ve learned from 6 out of the 10 weeks. Answering “why this matter should be focused on” should have a mixture of their views and this syllabus views.


 

Project 2: Collaborative Syllabus

Fall 2016 – COMP-106-005-Writing & Rhetoric II

Lily Nguyen, Nicholas Abu-Zahrah, Arlisa Robinson, Yousef Mohammad

Assignment #2

Name____________________________Date_____________________________

Watch the documentary entitled 13th by Ava DuVernay. Write a paragraph comparing what you thought of mass incarceration before and after watching this. Also, give and explain 5 new things you’ve learned from this documentary.

The purpose of assignment #2 is to have them write a mini-response to tell us what they’ve learned about mass incarceration after reading our syllabus and watching the documentary. It also makes them explain 5 of the many perspectives from the documentary. Knowing this, it can help us see what we should improve for future notice, and can also show what people thought about this subject in the first place.

Advertisements